Comparing the Border Collie and the Golden Retriever for your next dog companion? Both are distinct breeds. And are very popular dogs so most people can identify them.
You might not be able to tell the difference between the breeds if you don’t know enough about them. We will walk you through all the details. While both breeds are child-friendly, they have their distinct characteristics.
Whether you’re curious about the differences or trying to narrow down your options for your next family dog, you’ve found the right place.
These two breeds make great family companions. But let’s get into the details and find out what to expect if either of these dog breeds is welcomed into your home.
Let’s go back to the beginning, where these two guys started. You can learn a lot from their pasts, but more importantly what they will be as family pets.
The Border Collie is a cross between the harsh wetlands of Scotland and Wales. He was born from the herding dog that the Vikings and Romans had.
The key component of the Border Collie breed was established by the Vikings’ Icelandic Sheepdog. He was a natural herder, having herding experience in his family. He is still a working dog, but he is also a family pet.
He is considered the world’s highly intelligent dog breed according to canine behaviorists and veterinarians. Being a Shepherd’s dream dog, immortalized in the movie ‘Babe.
He is America’s 35th most beloved dog in 2020, and even more so across the pond in the United Kingdom. The Border Collie is known for its beautiful looks and loving demeanor.
They can be paired with other dogs to make a unique designer dog without health problems.
Although the Golden Retriever hails from Scotland, he is a newer breed. He was created in 19th-century England by Lord Tweedmouth, who sought to make the best gun dog.
His canine mix includes the now-extinct Yellow Retriever, Tweed Water Spaniel, the Irish Setter, and the Bloodhound. His gentle, calm manner was a great asset when collecting his master’s hunt.
He arrived in America in 1908. American sport hunters were so impressed with their skills that they started using them here as well. He was a loving, affectionate pet that humans realized was a wonderful family pet.
He is America’s third most beloved dog breed. He has been featured in many movies, so there’s no one American who doesn’t love him. Due to their family-friendly reputation, they are very popular as crossbreed parents.
Benefits of owning a Border Collie
- They are intelligent – The Border Collie breed is intelligent and an absolute joy to train. Their brains thrive on physical and mental stimulation. Stanley Coren, in his book The Intelligence of Dogs, found that the Border Collie was the smartest of all 1999 dog breeds. He found that Border Collies could learn new commands in less than five attempts, and reproduce the command 95% of the time.
- Playful and active – They love to retrieve anything you throw. Border Collies were bred as working dogs and are great companions for outdoor enthusiasts and hikers. Border Collies love to run and show off their amazing jumping skills. This makes them the top dog in agility competitions.
- They are a strong and healthy breed – The Border Collie was bred to survive the harsh Scottish outdoors. The Border Collie has a life expectancy of 12-15 years and is the longest-living breed of its type.
- Border Collies make wonderful family members – They get along well with other dogs and families. If they are introduced to cats early enough, they can be good with them. Border Collies are great with children, but they must be taught to not nip at their heels when excited and to not herd them like sheep.
Disadvantages to owning a Border Collie
- To thrive, Border Collies require mental stimulation – Border Collies are intelligent and more resilient than other breeds. Owners need to expect their pets to be involved in training and play, especially agility trials. They may exhibit destructive behavior such as barking, chewing, and escape behaviors if they are not provided with mental stimulation.
- They require socialization – Border Collies need to be socialized – While they are not aggressive, Border Collies tend to stay close to their families and display shy behavior around other dogs. Socialization early can decrease breed-specific shyness.
- They require daily exercise – Border Collies are not recommended for people who live sedentary lives. Border Collies require exercise and play every day. They will be unhappy if they are not given this. Border Collies need lots of space to run. Owners should make sure that their dogs have access to open ground so they can exercise and use their working instincts.
- They are prone to getting nippy – The Border Collie believes that the universe and all of it are worthy of being herded. Children are sometimes considered part of the Border Collie’s loving flock. Although these playful nips are not aggressive, they can sometimes be a problem for smaller children.
Why choose the Golden Retriever?
The modern Golden Retriever was a result of the influence of Dudley Majoribanks, of the Scottish Highlands. He interbred the Tweed Water Spaniel and a yellow retriever to make the ideal hunting dog.
The mix was then further enriched with a small amount of Irish Setter and Bloodhound. The Labrador Retriever from the 1840s to the 1890s was further bred and created the Golden Retriever, which first appeared at a British dog show in 1908.
The Golden Retriever was originally designed as a hunting dog, which means that he needs lots of stimulation and exercise.
Advantages of Owning A Golden Retriever
They are a gentle and bright breed – Stanley Coren, who conducted extensive research on nearly 2,000 breeds of dogs, ranked the Golden Retriever fourth in smarts. They are a symbol of the blind’s intelligence and calm nature. The Golden Retriever is a great family dog.
They are easy to train – Golden Retrievers can be trained as young as 12 weeks old and they will soon be able to learn a wide range of commands and vocabulary.
They love to play – A Golden Retriever is playful and affectionate. This dog loves to swim and play fetch. They need to be exercised regularly to release their energy. They make great companions for families who love the outdoors and active owners.
Disadvantages to owning Golden Retrievers
They require a lot of exercise – One way to get the opposite of a Golden Retrievers calm nature, is to not give them a regular outlet for their energy. Golden Retrievers need to get at least an hour of quality exercise each day or they may develop destructive tendencies. They don’t like being with sedentary households that don’t spend time outdoors.
They shed a lot – The Golden Retriever requires a lot of grooming to avoid having their fur decorate your home. If you have high standards of cleanliness and can’t tolerate hair from dogs, this breed is not recommended. Golden Retrievers can also jump into water and mud when they feel the need so make sure to take plenty of showers after walks.
They thrive on companionship – Golden Retrievers thrive when they have human contact. This dog breed is not suitable for people who travel often or work long hours.
Appearance – Border Collie vs Golden Retriever breed
Border Collies and Golden Retrievers can be distinguished from other Border Collie doppelgangers. The Border Collie is medium-sized, while the Golden Retriever can be large.
The largest Border is approximately the same size as the smallest Golden. Borders are also a little shorter than the Goldens.
Their differences in size might help them choose the right breed for their family.
The Golden Retriever’s medium-length coat is suitable for a range of Golden colors. There are many shades to choose from, including pale to dark brown.
Black and white are the most popular colors for a Border Collie. He can be blue, merle, and sable as well as red with different patterns.
The Border Collie is the most colorful, and it’s perfect for anyone who likes a little color in their life. He can also inherit multi-colored eyes or blue eyes which are rarer.
Like the Golden Retriever, the Border Collie can have a short and tight coat or a medium-length coat. Both dog breeds look elegant despite their flowing hair. They are athletic and muscular beneath their fur.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever – Temperaments
The reasons a family may choose one breed over another are often due to their temperaments. Let’s start with the commonalities. Both the golden retriever and border collie are full of love for their families.
Sometimes it can be too sweet for some and can make them seem a bit over-eager. It’s part of their friendly charm. If you’re part of the main human pack, expect canine cuddles.
They can be gentle with their families and make wonderful siblings for children. They are playful and love to have fun. You can count on them for endless hours of entertainment in the backyard.
They are energetic and love to have a good time. They are calm and easy-going despite their high energy levels.
They are friendly and well-mannered with other pets in the home. As long as they are socialized as puppies, it is okay for them to be able to accept other animals.
Border Collie might attempt to herd other pets. This is the only problem. And sometimes even smaller children.
Another difference is that Borders are more reserved around people outside their family. He can be reserved even after being introduced to them.
Then there is the Golden Retriever who is everyone’s best friend. He is friendly and never suspicious. Even when he has a robber’s bag in his hand!
The Golden Retriever is better suited for a lively and social lifestyle. The Border Collie prefers a quieter life in the country with his family.
The Border Collie is the best choice if you have an active lifestyle. If you’re looking for a farm dog, it’s obvious who the better dog is.
Border collie Vs Golden Retriever – Exercise
Both the Golden Retriever and Border Collie are high-energy dogs. Requiring intense exercise to stay happy and healthy.
If you don’t meet their exercise requirements, they’ll become unhappy, destructive, and problematic. Please don’t take these guys on if you don’t have the time or energy to keep up with their busy schedules.
The Border Collie is no exception. They are often compared with other high-energy dogs. He is a herder and farm dog and can work up to 12 hours a day.
He is also the most active of the two. The Border Collie needs between 60 to 90 minutes of intense exercise while Golden Retrievers will need 60 minutes.
Both are intelligent dogs breeds but the Border Collie is the most intelligent. They both need access to toys and treat to entertain them for a few hours.
This will keep your dog happy and healthy and could even save your furniture and belongings. You should think of puzzle-solving toys and heavy-duty toys.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever – Training
The Border Collie and the Golden Retriever are both easy to train and are very loyal. They are great for first-time dog owners.
It doesn’t take much experience to teach them tricks. Positive reinforcement training is a great way to make it easy.
Crate training is a good option for both dogs if it’s done early enough. For Golden Retrievers, we recommend a large or medium-sized dog crate. A medium-sized crate will work well for Border Terriers.
Making sure you have enough space for each dog is especially important in proper crate training.
However, these dogs are not polite pooch breeds without your assistance. This is a common mistake made by owners who assume their dogs can learn on their own.
They both need to be socialized and trained in obedience early on. When they are young, expose them to dogs, other animals, and people.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever in Health Problems
The Border Collie and the Golden Retriever are overall healthy dog breeds. The Border Collie has a longer health span.
The key to these healthy dogs is what they eat, regular exercise, and coming from screened and healthy parents.
They are susceptible to breed-specific health problems, just like other purebred breeds. Hip dysplasia should be checked in the Border Collie.
A variety of eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and collie eye anomaly, can also be detected in the Border Collie.
The Golden Retriever is also susceptible to hip dysplasia. However, he can also be prone to elbow dysplasia. He should also be checked for eye conditions such as those mentioned above as well as any cardiac issues.
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, can affect his nervous system, but is an uncommon health condition.
Golden Retrievers have the highest rate of cancer in the canine world.
While there are not many things you can do to prevent cancer in your Golden Retriever, it is possible to work with reputable breeders who can help reduce the likelihood of him developing it.
They will screen their families for cancer and will not breed any that have.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever – Nutrition
Both breeds consume almost the same amount of food each day. The Border Collie will consume approximately two-and-a-half cups of food while the Golden Retriever will consume about three cups.
Although they may look very similar, the Border Collie is much more calorie-dense than the Golden Retriever.
Both dogs require top-quality nutrition dog food. This will provide them with the energy and nutrition they need throughout their day.
A kibble made for large breeds would be better for the Golden Retriever vs the Border collie who can eat any breed-sized kibble.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever – Grooming
Their coat lengths determine their grooming habits. A medium-length golden retriever’s coat needs to be brushed two to three times per week to keep it healthy and prevent matting.
Border Collies with medium-length hair need to do the same. If your Border prefers a shorter coat, you will need to brush him at least once a week.
Be prepared to spend a lot of time grooming, no matter which breed you choose.
Both are moderate-to-heavy shedders and both will blow their hair during shedding season.
Although it may seem that the Golden Retriever sheds more than the Border Collie, this is often due to differences in their sizes and the color of their coats.
But if you don’t like fur being on your sofa or clothes then this breed is probably not for you.
These two breeds should be bathed once every 8-12 weeks. A gentle, conditioning shampoo is recommended for both dogs. This will reduce the likelihood of fur matting.
The grooming routines for other pets, like ear and dental cleanings, are the same. You should be vigilant about their eyes due to their potential poor eye health.
Border Collie vs Golden Retriever in Price
A puppy purchased from a reliable breeder will cost about the same. Because the Border Collie is less popular, his price is slightly lower than that of the Golden Retriever.
Be aware of backstreet breeders, especially with the Golden Retriever’s long list of health issues.
Last Thoughts on the Border Collie vs Golden Retriever breeds!
That’s it folks, the Border Collie versus Golden Retriever battle is over. Both make wonderful family pets. However, they prefer a different active lifestyle.
You’re the only one that can decide which dog is best for you and your lifestyle.
Border Collie is more active than the other, preferring the family to himself. The Golden Retriever is the more social of the two. He’s more likely to take a nap in the afternoon.
Perhaps he is a better Netflix and chill companion. At the end of the day if you can fulfill their canine needs they will make great companions.